What can be made from ‘the grass’ Bamboo


African Football



Football Rules of our childhood – Play station kids will never understand this

1-The fat is always the keeper
2-The game ends only if all players are tired (EXCEPT RULE 5)
3-No matter the score, the team that scores the last goal wins the game
4-There is no referee
5-If the owner of the ball gets angry the game is over
6-The 2 best players can’t play on the same team, so everyone chooses their players
7-If you are chosen the last one is a humiliation
8-If there is penalty the keeper is replaced by the best player of his team and says “not for good” to mean that after the penalty, the keeper returns to his post
9-When the ball comes out of the playground to a remote destination, it’s the hitter who’s going to get the ball
10-The best player on the ground is always on the same team as the owner of the ball
11-To start a game we always said “Epp the game begins”
12-To distinguish teams, a team should play shirtless
13- You kick the ball in the air to start a match
14- Its all massive attack, massive defence
If you were once a victim,  what else do you think I missed to include in the rules?

*copied: I do not own copyright to article or image

Controlling Bleeding

In an Emergency or survival situation, you must control serious bleeding immediately because replacement fluids normally are not available and the victim can die within a matter of minutes. External bleeding falls into the following classifications (according to its source):

Arterial. Blood vessels called arteries carry blood away from the heart and through the body. A cut artery issues bright red blood from the wound in distinct spurts or pulses that correspond to the rhythm of the heartbeat. Because the blood in the arteries is under high pressure, an individual can lose a large volume of blood in a short period when damage to an artery of significant size occurs. Therefore, arterial bleeding is the most serious type of bleeding. If not controlled promptly, it can be fatal.
Venous. Venous blood is blood that is returning to the heart through blood vessels called veins. A steady flow of dark red, maroon, or bluish blood characterizes bleeding from a vein. You can usually control venous bleeding more easily than arterial bleeding.
Capillary. The capillaries are the extremely small vessels that connect the arteries with the veins. Capillary bleeding most commonly occurs in minor cuts and scrapes. This type of bleeding is not difficult to control.
You can control external bleeding by direct pressure, indirect (pressure points) pressure, elevation, digital ligation, or tourniquet.

Direct Pressure

The most effective way to control external bleeding is by applying pressure directly over the wound.

This pressure must not only be firm enough to stop the bleeding, but it must also be maintained long enough to “seal off” the damaged surface.

If bleeding continues after having applied direct pressure for 30 minutes, apply a pressure dressing.

This dressing consists of a thick dressing of gauze or other suitable material applied directly over the wound and held in place with a tightly wrapped bandage

(Figure 4-2). It should be tighter than an ordinary compression bandage but not so tight that it impairs circulation to the rest of the limb. Once you apply the dressing, do not remove it, even when the dressing becomes blood soaked.

Leave the pressure dressing in place for 1 or 2 days, after which you can remove and replace it with a smaller dressing.

In the long-term survival environment, make fresh, daily dressing changes and inspect for signs of infection.


Raising an injured extremity as high as possible above the heart’s level slows blood loss by aiding the return of blood to the heart and lowering the blood pressure at the wound. However, elevation alone will not control bleeding entirely; you must also apply direct pressure over the wound. When treating a snakebite, however, keep the extremity lower than the heart.

Pressure Points

A pressure point is a location where the main artery to the wound lies near the surface of the skin or where the artery passes directly over a bony prominence image

(Figure 4-3). You can use digital pressure on a pressure point to slow arterial bleeding until the application of a pressure dressing. Pressure point control is not as effective for controlling bleeding as direct pressure exerted on the wound. It is rare when a single major compressible artery supplies a damaged vessel.

If you cannot remember the exact location of the pressure points, follow this rule: Apply pressure at the end of the joint just above the injured area. On hands, feet, and head, this will be the wrist, ankle, and neck, respectively.


Use caution when applying pressure to the neck. Too much pressure for too long may cause unconsciousness or death. Never place a tourniquet around the neck.

Maintain pressure points by placing a round stick in the joint, bending the joint over the stick, and then keeping it tightly bent by lashing. By using this method to maintain pressure, it frees your hands to work in other areas.

Digital Ligation

You can stop major bleeding immediately or slow it down by applying pressure with a finger or two on the bleeding end of the vein or artery. Maintain the pressure until the bleeding stops or slows down enough to apply a pressure bandage, elevation, and so forth.


Use a tourniquet only when direct pressure over the bleeding point and all other methods did not control the bleeding. If you leave a tourniquet in place too long, the damage to the tissues can progress to gangrene, with a loss of the limb later. An improperly applied tourniquet can also cause permanent damage to nerves and other tissues at the site of the constriction.

If you must use a tourniquet, place it around the extremity, between the wound and the heart, 5 to 10 centimeters above the wound site

(Figure 4-4). Never place it directly over the wound or a fracture. Use a stick as a handle to tighten the tourniquet and tighten it only enough to stop blood flow. When you have tightened the tourniquet, bind the free end of the stick to the limb to prevent unwinding.

After you secure the tourniquet, clean and bandage the wound. A lone survivor does not remove or release an applied tourniquet. In a buddy system, however, the buddy can release the tourniquet pressure every 10 to 15 minutes for 1 or 2 minutes to let blood flow to the rest of the extremity to prevent limb loss.

Prevent and Treat Shock

Anticipate shock in all injured personnel. Treat all injured persons as follows, regardless of what symptoms appear

(Figure 4-5):

If the victim is conscious, place him on a level surface with the lower extremities elevated 15 to 20 centimeters.

If the victim is unconscious, place him on his side or abdomen with his head turned to one side to prevent choking on vomit, blood, or other fluids.
If you are unsure of the best position, place the victim perfectly flat. Once the victim is in a shock position, do not move him.
Maintain body heat by insulating the victim from the surroundings and, in some instances, applying external heat.
If wet, remove all the victim’s wet clothing as soon as possible and replace with dry clothing.
Improvise a shelter to insulate the victim from the weather.
Use warm liquids or foods, a prewarmed sleeping bag, another person, warmed water in canteens, hot rocks wrapped in clothing, or fires on either side of the victim to provide external warmth.
If the victim is conscious, slowly administer small doses of a warm salt or sugar solution, if available.
If the victim is unconscious or has abdominal wounds, do not give fluids by mouth.
Have the victim rest for at least 24 hours.
If you are a lone survivor, lie in a depression in the ground, behind a tree, or any other place out of the weather, with your head lower than your feet.
If you are with a buddy, reassess your patient constantly.

*(extract: army survival guide)



Diseases Treatment Dictionary

Acne is a chronic skin disease of hair follicles of the face, chest, neck, shoulders, and back occurs commonly in all teenagers and in some adults during their puberty period. It causes pimples, blackheads, and scars, but not serious. Our skin has tiny pores, which can be occluded by dirt, oil, dead skin cells and bacteria. When this happens pimples or zit may develop on the skin. Repetitions of pore obstruction on the skin may lead to acne.  It begins when the oily substance from the sebaceous glands (oil gland) under the skin blocks the tiny openings of the hair follicles.

Acne can appear in several types.

Blackheads: If the pore size is larger then the clog appears as blackheads, a small flat spot with its centers as dark in color. In this type, pimples rise on the surface and are non-inflammatory.Whiteheads: If the pore size too small then the clog appears in the form of whiteheads. This type of a pimple stay under the skin surface and this type is also non-inflammatory acne.Cysts: It is a deep, white pus-filled centers and painful pimple which results in scar and red lesions.Nodules: It is an inflammatory, large, and firm pimple deep within the skin having a half centimeters in its diameter. This type of a pimple makes painful lesions and scar.Papules: Small and tender bumps, which is pink in color and elevated on the skin.Pustules: Small inflammatory blister which is pus-filled and is elevated on the skin.


In the mid-5th to mid-6th century, ancient Greece, the earliest description of pimples seemed inside the writings of the Byzantine physician Aetius Amidenus.

The word pimples seem to have developed from the Greek phrase acme, this means that “point or spot.” from the historical facts, each Hippocrates (460–370 B.C) and Aristotle (384–322 B.C) were aware of this illness.

Until the 1800s, humans did not find out any extra useful remedies against zits and have constantly used sulfur due to the fact they noticed it can dry and exfoliate the skin.

1920’s – Benzoyl Peroxide is used

1930’s – Laxatives were used to cure for ‘chastity pimples’

1950’s – When antibiotics were discovered, they had found beneficial effects on acne. Initially, it was administered orally.

1960’s – Tretinoin (Retin A) was found to be effective for acne. This paved the way to develop oral isotretinoin (Accutane and Roaccutane) since the early 1980s.

1980’s – Accutane is established in America

1990’s – Laser treatment was discovered

2000’s – Blue/red light therapy was used


About 85% of human beings between the ages of 12 and 24 experience at least minor pimples. Globally, acne influences approximately 650 million human beings, or about nine.4% of the populace, as of 2010. It impacts almost 90% of human beings in western societies at some stage in their teenage years, however, can occur earlier than youth and might persist into adulthood. Whilst acne that first develops between them a long time of 21 and 25 is unusual, it impacts 54% of women and 40% of guys older than 25 years of age


Acne is caused by few problems that arise during the lubrication process in the skin. These artifacts can occur when:The largest amount of oil is secreted by hair folliclesAccumulation of dead cells in the poresBacteria occupy the pores in the skinWhen the dirt and bacteria are occluded in the pores, secreted oil is unable to come out thus a pimple or zit is formed over the pores.Acne also occurs when the sebaceous (oil) gland under hair follicles are stimulated during the puberty period and also because of other hormonal changes.When an inflammatory pus-filled cyst or blister ruptures, the fluid comes out and it spreads into the adjacent surfaces of skin. The bacteria and dirt in the pus cause the growth of another pimple adjacent to the existing pimples.The weakened immune system also plays a major role in invading of bacteria into the pores of the skin.Androgen is a male hormone, which regulates the secretion of oil in the sebaceous glands. Androgen levels are raised when the adolescence begins.Rising in levels of androgen causes the oil glands under the skin to grow larger. Thus the enlarged oil glands start to secrete more amount of sebum (oil). Excessive oil causes rupture of the cell walls in the pore and thereby bacteria invade easily into the pores.The family history of acne. When the parents are more prone to acne in their adolescence, then there are chances of getting acne to their offspring.

Risk factors

There are various risk factors leads to cause of acne:

A medication that contains high androgen, barbiturates, corticosteroids, and lithiumBirth control pillsCosmetics that are too much greasyHormonal changes during mensuration in womenMental stress cannot cause acne but if you have acne earlier stress may make it worseA diet rich in refined sugars or carbs and oilExposure to highly polluted environmentToo much dandruff on the scalpExcessive washing of the face can dry and irritate the skinOccupation in industrial locations wherein exposure to halogenated aromatic hydrocarbonsUse of dirty or rusted razors also at risk of developing acneTouching or pricking the pimples of other personsFriction, stress or pressure on the skinAge between 12 and 24Picking or squeezing the existing pimples or zits


Symptoms vary depending on the severity of the acne condition:

Blackheads (open pores that contain oil, when its exposed to air it turns into brown)Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)Cystic lesions (present under the surface of the skin, which is filled with pus and it is painful)Nodules ( Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin)Pimples (pustules) which are papules with pus in tipsSmall red, tender bumps (papules)

Whiteheads acne

Blackheads acne

Complications of acne

Acne will get rid of as you get older. Scarring may happen if acne goes severe. It can be permanent, but over a long time, it can improve.

Scarring: One in five people with acne will get scarring. Scarring may increase due to picking squeezing or spots. Scars can be ice pick or broader pockmarks. First, it will be purple in color before it fades to a whitish color; sometimes ‘keloid’ (firmer lumpy) scars may develop on your skin.

Hyperpigmentation: It usually occurs in dark skin tone. Skin becomes darker in the affected area.

Physiological problems: Acne may create physiological problems such as anxiety or making you feel depressed. For example, if people commenting on your acne can affect your self-confidence. Talk to your general practitioner if you feel depressed or low.

Difference between whiteheads and blackheads

Diagnosis and test

Mostly dermatologist can diagnose acne by examining the affected skin. Your doctor may ask several questions that are aimed at diagnosis of acne and to find out other skin disorders. Some of the questions include.

Drug allergies, which faced beforeUse of steroids (e.g. body-building)Depression or mood swingMedications were taken for other diseases that may affect your skin that cause acneEczema or area of sensitive skinIrregular menstrual periods in women, use of contraceptives, breastfeeding, and past or present pregnancy

In some other cases, acne can develop some other related skin disorders, such as rosacea. This information will be helpful for the doctor as an informed diagnosis.

Treatment and medications

The main goal of the treatment is to reduce or to eliminate the outbreaks and to prevent scarring. Your doctor may give treatment based on your severity of your condition. Initially, for some people, treatment may worsen your condition. Based on the condition, treatment should be given minimal for two to three months before deciding the treatment is effective.

There are varieties if excellent medications are available such as follows:

Benzoyl peroxide: It kills bacteria on the skin surface. It can be applied once or twice a day to work against pustules. It should not be used near eyes and mouth thought it will be irritating to those two areas. If it is used excessively….

Read Article ‘Acne – Definition, Causes, Complications and Treatment’
Using app ‘Diseases Treatment Dictionary’
Source : http://diseasesdic.com/acne-definition-causes-complications-treatment/

There are ONLY two types of people in the world…

Why Problems Are Good Things
There are two kinds of people in the world
Yes, male and female
There are two kinds of people in the world
Yes, tall and short
There are two kinds of people in the world
Yes, fat and slim.
There are two kinds of people in the world.
Yes, the poor and the rich
But wait!
In the real sense of it, there are NO poor or rich people.
There are only two kinds of people.
People who complain about problems and people who solve problems to make money
The reason why the poor are poor is because they are good at complaining about problems.
You go to your Facebook timeline.
Check Twitter, WhatApp or newspapers.
What do you see?
Poor people complaining about everything.
Government is bad. Road is bad. Economy is bad. Africa is bad.
Look around and tell me any rich person you know who is an “activist” or a complainer.
No. The reason why the rich don’t complain is NOT because they have everything.
The reason why the rich have everything is because they don’t complain
About a decade ago when I was preparing to go fully into the business world, I was as poor as you can possibly imagine
I had no money. I could only eat junks I found around.
I always heard my mates complaining about everything.
“Government doesn’t provide jobs”
“I need to leave Africa”
Well, I did just the opposite.
When they complained “Government doesn’t provide jobs”, I told myself “I want to create some jobs for my fellow Africans”
When they complained, “Africa has too many problems”, I told myself “Africa is a NICE place to be because I can easily solve some problems and be rich”
Today as I look back, all those people who complained about everything are still complaining about everything (till this morning)
I have gone ahead to figure out some problems I could solve, employed people to help me solve them and I’m making good money.
It’s your choice and I won’t try hard to convince you.
You can continue complaining about the problems of your country or sit back to solve one or two of those problems to make a lot of money.
Problems are money
Problems are money
Problems are money
Problems are very good thing.
If you’re complaining about problems, it’s because you’re poor-minded
Rich-minded people take time to SEARCH for problems they could solve.
Poor people take their time to search for problems they can complain about.
I love Africa and I wish many of my fellow Africans understand that Africa is a wonderful place to be.
You can run to the UK or US if you need JOB
If you need money (a lot of it), you can only make much money where there are much problems.
Where else are there more problems than Africa?
Rich-minded people take time to SEARCH for problems they could solve.
Poor-minded people take their time to search for problems they can complain about.
Choose the group you belong.
I Love You All…

  • *(Thanks Young Lady for sharing this with me)

How to see the world with different eyes & Grow

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